The Welsh and English Longbow

August 22, 2008 at 1:30 am

One of the most important weapons of the Middle Ages was the Welsh/English longbow. This weapon was the decisive factor in English victories over French forces during the Hundred Years War.

What is a longbow?

A longbow is any bow which is nearly the size of a man. Bows over 5 feet in length are considered longbows.
The medieval Welsh or English longbow was made from a single piece of strong but flexible Yew wood. It was about 6 feet, 6 inches long, making it at least a foot longer than the average archer of the day.
War arrows for the English longbow weighed up to 3 ounces and were 3 feet long. They had chisel-shaped bodkin arrowheads, which were aerodynamic and allowed increased range. The bodkin’s narrow shape concentrated the arrow’s energy at the point of impact, increasing the ability to punch through armor.

Read the entire article at Hampton Roads Military History

Entry filed under: European Military History, Medieval Military History. Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

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